Thursday, April 18, 2019

Mount Kelimutu & 3 Color Lake

September 14, 2017 by  
Filed under Mount Kelimutu Flores

Mount Kelimutu (pronounced) is a mount volcano, close to the small town of Moni in central Flores island in Indonesia. The volcano is around 50 km to the east of Ende, Indonesia, the capital of Ende regency in East Nusa Tenggara province. The mountain has three volcanic crater lakes that differ in color, and as a result it seems quite mysterious to travelers, travel writers, and news reporters. There are relatively few volcanic lakes worldwide, but there do exist physical and chemical volcanic lake classification systems to guide the understanding of how these lakes function.

The science of the Kelimutu lakes is relatively well known, but more research is warranted. Lake colors periodically change due to adjustments in the oxidation-reduction status of the fluid of each lake, and also considering the abundance of different major elements, such as iron and manganese. Oxidation-reduction status depends on the balance of volcanic gas input and rainfall rate, and is thought to be mediated by the groundwater system in the volcano itself. The colors in the lakes change independently from each other, as each has its own unique connectivity to the underlying volcano’s activity. Between January and November 2016, the colors of the craters changed six times. Although it is widely believed that the changes are unpredictable, it is more accurate to say that the lack of any regular monitoring of the volcanic system precludes scientists from having the data necessary to drive widely available predictive models.

Komodo National Park

September 7, 2017 by  
Filed under Komodo National Park, PLACES OF INTEREST

Komodo National Park is a national park as a world sanctuary of Komodo Dragons and other wild animals. Furthermore, it’s location in east part of Indonesia archipelagos between the provinces of East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara. The park covers the three larger islands such as Komodo, Padar and Rinca as well as 26 smaller islands. This park is very huge with 1,733 km square or 603 km square of land. The Komodo National Park was founded in 1980 to protect the world’s largest lizard of Komodo dragons. Moreover, the park is dedicating to protect other species, including marine species. The UNESCO has declared this park as a World Heritage Site in 1991. In addition, Komodo National Park has been appointed as one of the New 7 Wonders of Nature. Therefore, we invite you to join our Komodo Dragon Tours to explore this park and see the dragons directly.

Discovery Komodo National Park

  • Geography and Climate
    The Park is covering the three larger islands such as Komodo, Padar and Rinca and 26 smaller islands. The Sape Straights with clear and blue seawater surround it. Furthermore, the islands of the park are majority of volcanic origin. In addition, the terrain of lands are generally rough with stone hills surround it as well as altitudes up to 735 m. Meanwhile, the climate is one of the driest of Indonesia with annual rainfall between 800 mm and 1000 mm. Its mean, the daily temperatures in the dry season from May to October are around 40 °C.
  • Flora and Fauna
    The majority of lands are savanna with hot and dry climate throughout the park and makes it to a good habitat for the endemic Komodo dragon. The Komodo Dragons populations are restricted to the islands of Komodo with 1700 hectare, Rinca Island with 1300 hectare, Gili Motang with 100 hectare, Gili Dasami with 100 hectares, and Flores (c. 2,000). Meanwhile, the cloud forests appear only in few areas above 500 meters. However, they provide habitat to several endemic flora. In addition, the coastal vegetation includes mangrove forest and generally appears in the sheltered bays of the three larger islands.
  • Marine Life of Komodo National Park
    The fringe and patch coral reefs are extensive with best development on the north-east coast of Komodo. Komodo National Park is rich in marine life such as whale sharks, ocean sunfish, rays, eagle rays, manta, pygmy seahorse, false pipe-fish, clown frog-fish, blue-ringed octopus, sponges, Tunicates, and coral. Meanwhile, the varieties of cetaceans inhabit in adjacent waters from smaller sized dolphins to sperm whales and even blue whales. The Omura’s whale is one of the least known of rorquals have been confirmed to range waters within the park. Endangered dugongs are still living in Komodo areas as well.
  • Reptiles at Komodo National Park
    The most famous of reptiles living in Komodo National Park is the Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis). Furthermore, it is the world’s largest lizard and the world’s largest reptiles and can reach 3 meters long or more in length and weigh over 70 kg. There are twelve terrestrial snake species on the island including marine species. The snacks are living in this park such as Javan spitting cobra, Russell’s viper, white-lipped pit viper, blue lipped sea krait, and Timor python. Meanwhile, the lizards such as nine skink species (Scinidae), geckos (Gekkonidae), limbless lizards (Dibamidae), and the monitor lizards such as the Komodo dragon (Varanidae). The frogs like Asian bullfrog as well as the endemic Komodo cross frog. Frogs are typically in the higher land as well as moister altitudes. In addition, the saltwater crocodile was once present within the park in coastal areas including mangrove swamps.
  • Wild Mammals – Komodo National Park
    The savannas are ideally habitats for mammals such as the Timor Rusa deer (Cervus timorensis), the main prey of the Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), horses, water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), wild boar (Sus scrofa vittatus), crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis), Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus lehmanni), the endemic Rinca rat (Rattus rintjanus), as well as fruit bats. Meanwhile, the domestic are existing within the park such as goats, cats and dogs which are feral.